Archive for December, 2010

How to make USB Bootable using CMD

Having a bootable USB is very essential, especially if you are a Netbook user. Using bootable USB to install an operating system (OS) not only makes the installation faster, but also saves a DVD.

Creating or using an USB drive to install Windows operating systems is very easy if you follow the below mentioned steps.

bootable usb drive

  • Open cmd
  • Type DISKPART and press Enter

  • Type LISTDISK and press Enter
  • Type SELECT DISK1 and press Enter
  • Type CLEAN and Press Enter
  • Type CREATE PARTITION PRIMARY and Press Enter
  • Type SELECT PARTITION1 and Press Enter
  • Type ACTIVE and Press Enter
  • Type FORMAT FS=FAT32 and Press Enter
  • Type ASSIGN and Press Enter
  • Type EXIT and Press Enter


Now just use a Daemon Tools or Magic ISO and make ISO file a Drive [say drive D] and let H be your USB drive letter

Now go back to CMD and follow these steps :

  • Type D: CD BOOT and Press Enter
  • Type CD BOOT and Press Enter
  • Type BOOTSECT.EXE/NT60 H: and Press Enter
  • Type EXIT and Press Enter

Now just Copy all the contents of Drive D to USB.

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Password Recovery in Ubuntu

Having Problem with password recovery; Here is the solution !

Follow these steps :

  • Restart your Computer.
  • Press Esc.
  • Press E for Edit.
  • Go to the last line of the Command Line.
  • and Add a command ” rw init=  /bin/bash
  • Press Enter
  • Press b to reboot Kernel
  • Set Password and reboot

Simple isn’t ! Just give it a try.

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Mounting Hard Drives of Different Format in Ubuntu

Now Here I am solving your problem of mounting your hard drive in linux operating system.

Here I am discussing the method to mount NTFS and FAT hard drives.

So Let’s start with NTFS hard drive :

Just follow these steps and copy them in the command line :

$ cd /

$ cd media

$ mkdir windows

$ mount /dev/sdbx /media/windows/-t ntfs-o nls=utf8,umask=0222

$ exit

In the above statement x is a natural number such that sdbx corresponds to the NTFS formatted drive.

Now let’s talk about FAT hard drive:

To mount a FAT hard drive just write these commands in command line :

$ cd /

$ cd media

$ mkdir windows

$ mount /dev/sdbx /media/windows vfat iocharset=utf8,umask=000

$ exit

In the above statement x is a natural number such that sdbx corresponds to the FAT formatted hard drive.

To Unmount the hard drive just write a single command in the command line :

$ sudo umount /mount/windows/


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How to Change Profile Properties of a Gnome Terminal

GNOME Terminal is a terminal emulation application that can use to perform following tasks :

  • Access a UNIX shell in an GNOME environment
  • Run any Application designed to run on VT102,VT220 and xterm terminal.

Now a Gnome terminal looks like :



So let’s start editing profile properties of the Gnome Terminal :

1)  Changing Profile name of the terminal :

Just go to Edit->Profiles. You can define as many different profiles as you require.



Now you can change profile name just using single command :

gnome-terminal –window-with-profile=profilename

2)  To Change Background and text color of the Gnome Terminal :

Though you can change both Background and text color using a conventional way as follows :

go to Edit->Profile Preferences->Colors

change text color and Background color according to your choice.

Under Background tab you can modify background an add effects to it either by using Background image or transparent background.

This is one way to tackle the problem, now Let’s tackle this problem using terminal.

suppose you want a background color as blue and a text color as white then just write :

setterm  -term linux -back blue -fore white -clear

now your screen looks like :

There is one more method to change the background of the terminal. Though is a bit to cozy but yet  a method so better to have a look to it.

In this method we use gconftool.

Gnome holds its settings in a hierarchy similar to the  Windows Registry. Once you know the path to the item you want to change you can set that item’s value with gconftool from the command line.

Use gconf-editor to browse through the Gnome settings and use gconftool to set the value of an item in your script.

Just copy this line and paste it in the terminal:

gconftool –type string –set /desktop/gnome/background/primary_color  “#dadab0b08282”

Just change the color code and set the background of your choice.

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Starting with Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop Edition

Now Here you enter in the world of Linux with Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop Edition – “OS for Human Beings .

A freshly Install Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop Edition desktop looks like :-

Before Installing any Software or application using terminal it is better to run an update manager and install all the default updates provided there. Initially a message appears at the top panel to install the Additional drivers; click that message and install that graphic card drivers to enable the graphics utility.

So Now we can start with…….

Installing Themes


Though Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop Edition provides number of good themes but if you are not satisfied with the collection then you must try collection of Bisigi projects. Bisigi projects have a good collection of  themes.

for installing Bisigi Project collection :

  • Open terminal using

alt+ctrl+t

  • Type the following commands

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bisigi/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install bisigi-themes

After Installing Bisigi Themes, go to   :

System->Preferences->Appearance->Themes


 

 

Installing Compiz-Config Settings Manager


Compiz is one of the first compositing windows managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. Compiz allows many applications like 3D cubes, cylinder and spherical, Droplet effect, Minimizing effects and lots more….

For installing compiz-config settings manager, follow these steps:

In terminal type following commands:

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install compiz

After installing the compiz-config settings manager, go to:

System->Preferences->Compizconfig Settings Manager


 


Installing Ubuntu Tweak


Ubuntu Tweak is an application used to config the Ubuntu in an easier way.

Installing Ubuntu Tweak is pretty simple, just follow these steps:

Open Terminal and type following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

After installing Ubuntu Tweak, go to:

Applications->System Tools->Ubuntu-Tweaks

 

 


Installing Windows emulator: Play on Linux


PlayonLinux is a piece of software which allows you to install and use many games and softwares designed for Windows in an easy way.

To install playonlinux open your terminal and type the following command:

sudo apt-get install playonlinux

After Installing PlayonLinux, go to:

Applications->Games->Play on Linux




Installing Cairo Dock to enhance your launch bar menu


Cairo Dock is an animated launch bar menu designed for Ubuntu. Though it is compatible with Compiz but it runs mainly without a composite manager.

For Installing Cairo Dock open terminal and copy following commands in terminal:

sudo -v

echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/cairo-dock-team/ppa/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main ## Cairo-Dock-PPA-Stable" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys E80D6BF5

After copying the above command type;

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-plug-ins

After installing Cairo Dock, go to:

Applications->System Tools->GLX-Dock ( Cairo-dock with OpenGL)


 

 

Installing Screenlets for your Desktop


Screenlets are small owner-drawn applications that can be described as “the virtual representation of things lying/standing around on your desk”. Sticknotes, clocks, rulers, … the possibilities are endless.

In order to install Screenlets; type following command in terminal:

sudo apt-get install screenlet

After installing Screenlet, go to:

Applications->Accessories->Screenlets


Installing Applications for Multimedia

There is only one software in this whole Universe that can play EVERYTHING! Its VLC media playerIts Plays Everything

for installing VLC just type a single line statement:

sudo apt-get install vlc

There is one more media player which is also appreciated everywhere. It’s Banshee!

To install Banshee just type a single line statement:

sudo apt-get install banshee

Banshee includes a lot of extensions. To install them; just open Ubuntu Software Center and type Banshee. list of Banshee extension will appear on screen.

 

 

 

 

Installing Media Center: XBMC


XBMC is an award winning open source software media player and entertainment hub. It is available for Linux, Mac OS and for Windows also.

To Install XBMC, Type following commands in the terminal command line:

sudo sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install xbmc

After installing XBMC, go to:

Applications->Sound&Video->XBMC


 

 

Installing Bit Torrent Client


For Torrent purposes its best to use either of two clients. That is either Vuze or Deluge!

For installing Deluge type these commands in command line.

sudo add-apt- repository ppa:deluge-team/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install deluge

For installing Vuze; Type this line in terminal:

sudo apt-get install vuze

After installing Vuze, go to:

Applications->Internet->vuze

 


 

 

 

Installing Instant Messengers


One of the best Instant messenger is Pidgin Internet Messenger as it contains 30 plugins. So you can choose one or more plugins and chat.

To install pidgin instant messenger just type single command in terminal:

sudo apt-get install pidgin

After installing Pidgin Instant Messenger, go to:

Applications->Internet->Pidgin Internet Messenger




Installing Flash Plugins for 32 bit and 64 bit


For 64 Bit System:

Install Flash Plugins by type these commands in terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:sevenmachines/flash

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install flashplugin64-installer

For 32 bit System:

Just go to Ubuntu Software Center and type “flash”.

These all the basic applications that must be installed in your system. But according to your requirement, you can install some other softwares and applications in your system via Ubuntu Software Center. Before installing applications from Ubuntu Software center make sure that you have all the updates and your Update Manager does not contain any further update to install.

 


List of Softwares that you can install:

  • GNOME2 IP Messenger : IP Messenger clone for GNOME Environment
  • VirtualBox OSE: Runs a Guest OS in windows of host OS without giving direct access to computer hardware
  • Google Chrome: Web Browser by Google.
  • Adobe Reader: Platform for running pdf files.
  • Wine: Platform for running windows .exe file.






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